What Are the Pros and Cons of Having AI-Powered Medical Robots? 

closeup photo of white robot arm photo – Free Tech Image on Unsplash 

Technology is being implemented everywhere, from hospital administrative services to patient care. Integrating digital solutions might be complex, but it has a far-reaching impact on doctors. Even if physicians understand their patients’ cultural backgrounds, they can engage with them more effectively and, most importantly, provide better care. Robots will become standard in operating rooms in the future. They’re excellent tools for medicine, as they work with unmatched precision, without pauses or breaks. Medical robots can enhance the speed and efficiency of health care services. 

Artificial intelligence is equal to or better than humans at performing surgical tasks. While it may take longer for a robot to complete the surgery successfully, its sutures are much better. There’s no reason to worry because robots won’t replace doctors soon. AI-powered medical robots are becoming more prevalent, yet it’s impossible for them to fill human surgeons’ roles completely. Complex digital solutions require competent professionals. At any rate, we’re a long way from realising the potential of robotic assistance in medicine.   

There Are Lots of Advantages With AI-Powered Medical Robots 

AI-powered medical robots are no longer regarded as a futuristic concept. Robots are used in the NHS and hospitals worldwide to perform abdominal, urological, and gynaecological procedures. They can be easily moved between operating theatres, lowering the cost per procedure for hospitals. Let’s look at some of the pros of AI-powered robotic surgery. 

Robots Reduce the Stress and Workload of The Doctor

Excessive stress and workload are known to contribute to surgical errors. A tired, overworked doctor struggling to juggle multiple responsibilities is more prone to making mistakes. The overall quality of their work can be significantly diminished. AI-powered medical robots don’t have feelings, so they can’t experience emotions like stress. Physicians may be more relaxed if they have a robot assistant. As mentioned earlier, robots don’t get tired of working, meaning they can make countless decisions without fatigue. Medical robots don’t require benefits, raises, or bonuses. 

Robots Have Steady Hands and Can Do Precise Calculations

AI-powered robots have steadier hands when performing critical procedures, and they don’t experience hand tremors like the rest of the surgeons. Robots are the coolest, calmest doctors in the room, so they’re fit for more delicate work, such as cardiovascular and thoracic surgery. These days, a lot of surgery, especially in plastics and neurosurgery, is done via machine. 

Robots Can Reduce the Cost of Medical Bills Patients Are Paying 

Planning helps ensure a successful procedure and a smooth recovery. Doctors use maths on a regular basis. A cardiac surgeon, for instance, needs to determine the size of the tears, perforations, or heart muscle defects. Also, they need to measure vital signs, calculate the weight and height of the patient, keep track of the number of sutures, and so on. AI-powered medical robots are capable of doing precise calculations. What makes a robot different from a calculator is it can work by itself. Robots are certainly not infallible. 

Some Concerns About These Innovative Advances in Health Care 

Much progress has been made in healthcare robotics, but we can’t neglect the challenges associated with robotics adaptation. AI-powered medical robots cost more, even if they create more value-added work, and this translates into higher costs for the patient. Robots can only be used in research centres or advanced hospitals. Another disadvantage is that more training is required to operate the systems. There’s too much to learn and too little time to learn it all. Physicians should be constantly updated with knowledge of the latest systems and safe operating procedures. 

AI-powered medical robots can make accidental movements, mistakes traced back to some sort of programming error. Just like doctors, robots can make serious mistakes. Examples of what is considered medical negligence in the UK are wrong site surgery, damaging organs during surgery, and performing an incorrect procedure. The question now is: Who is liable in the case of an injury caused by a healthcare robot? Legal action requires identifying the doctor overseeing the patient’s care and the manufacturer of the AI system. From there, it’s up to the court to determine who’s at fault. 

Not surprisingly, AI-powered medical robots take up a lot of space in the surgical theatre. The room doesn’t offer too much flexibility for positioning the robotic equipment, meaning that there’s not enough space to move around the perimeter. Doctors struggle with limited floor space. There’s a need for a solution that balances control with instant accessibility so that physicians keep operating smoothly. At present, robotic systems are very large, taking up an entire room. What is more, their tools are bigger than the delicate tissues and structures on which they operate. 

What Does the Future Hold for AI For Healthcare? 

Artificial intelligence in healthcare is still young. To be more precise, there are several facets of medical care that need refining, errors to address, and privacy issues to fix. There’s no lack of technology, but we need relevant digital solutions, not to mention suitable legislation. AI-powered medical robots can be as intelligent as we want them to be. For the time being, the complexity of clinical situations and diagnosis reduces the likelihood of building accurate AI solutions. In the upcoming years, robots will be making better decisions. Now, technology is in its infancy. 

Artificial intelligence and robotics have proven capable of addressing and providing solutions for numerous issues. Robots are valuable in medicine because they’re faster, stronger, and more precise. Negative attitudes from the public, patients, and healthcare staff lead to a decreased demand and acceptance for robotic applications. Robot assistants can’t reconcile the tensions in the healthcare industry, so their integration is more challenging. Not all opinions are favourable. Before entrusting our care to AI-powered medical robots, we must eliminate bias as quickly as possible. 

Despite the fact that AI for healthcare is still in its infancy, it has great potential. It’s important to try to increase the adoption of robots so that professionals can take advantage of technology to deliver better outcomes for patients. The human element will be vital. No robot can replace this.